This adventurous itinerary checks of the top historical and recreational highlights in Wales. Hike through the Brecon Beacons National Park, get wet and wild coasteering along the Pembrokeshire coast, and explore ancient Roman ruins. End the trip in the north in Snowdonia, where jagged peaks, whitewater rafting, and the iconic Caernarfon Castle await.

Highlights

  • Discover Wales' dramatic history, prehistoric ruins and medieval Caernarfon Castle
  • Hike and bike through the rolling mountains of the Brecon Beacons
  • Go coasteering along the spectacular Pembrokeshire coastline
  • Stay in laid back country inns and fabulous country house hotels

Brief Itinerary

Day Highlights Overnight
Day 1 Brecon Beacons Brecon Beacons
Day 2 Sugar Loaf Peak Brecon Beacons
Days 3-5 Pembrokeshire National Park Pembrokeshire
Day 6 Snowdonia National Park Snowdonia
Day 7 Caernarfon Castle  

Detailed Itinerary

Day 1: Brecon Beacons

Black Mountains
Black Mountains

Start your adventure in Wales with a drive to Wye Valley, deep in the Brecon Beacons National Park. The wild landscapes of high grasslands, heather plateaus, and fast-flowing rivers are home to some of Wales' most famous stories, including the legend of King Arthur and his court. 

Explore remains of prehistoric stone circles and burial chambers, Iron Age hillforts, and Roman encampments. Spend the afternoon hiking around to find peaks and the impressive northern rim, marked with glacier-worn hollows, glacial lakes, and spectacular waterfalls.

Day 2: Sugar Loaf Peak

Sugar Loaf and the surrounding countryside
Sugar Loaf and the surrounding countryside

The sweeping landscape of Brecon Beacons National Park is home to four mountain ranges and the highest peak in South Wales, Pen-y-Fan. Spend the day hiking on one of the many trails, or rent a bike and explore the hillsides on two wheels. Sugar Loaf peak is a particularly lovely and easy hike, with rewarding views of the surrounding farmland from the grassy peak. 

The hillsides in the Brecon Beacons are riddled with extraordinary caverns, potholes, and subterranean passages. In the afternoon take the opportunity to explore the hidden world underfoot and tour local caves.  

Days 3-5: Pembrokeshire National Park

Canoeing on the River Teifi
Canoeing on the River Teifi

Explore the Pembrokeshire coastline, hike along the 186 miles of winding coastal paths, and stop into sleepy harbor villages. To see prehistoric sites walk along the 8-mile Preseli Hills trail and enjoy the panoramic views of Pembrokeshire and the open ocean. 

Spend time in the ocean on a coasteering adventure, exploring sea caves, coves, and cliffs while scrambling, swimming, and cliff jumping your way across the rugged coastline. Paddle a sea kayak into the ocean to find rocky pinnacles, rugged arches, and secluded beaches—perfect for an afternoon picnic. 

Keep an eye out for wildlife—this section of the coast is a world-famous birdwatcher's destination thanks to the colonies of rare seabirds which nest on impossibly steep cliffs. Grey seals, dolphins, porpoises, and basking sharks also call this stretch of water home. 

Day 6: Snowdonia National Park

Snowdonia
Snowdonia

The rugged mountains of Snowdonia are the landscape to Wales' adventure capital. Hike to the top of Yr Wyddfa (Mount Snowdon), the highest point in Wales and England, to see panoramic views. Head to Coed-y-Brenin, a mountain biking hub, to explore a variety of trails—from gentle family rides to black trail rollercoasters. 

The Snowdonia mountains are cut with steep ravines and narrow river valleys, which make for the perfect gorge scrambling, canyoneering, or white water rafting adventures. No matter what you prefer, there's an adventure for every visitor here. 

Day 7: Caernarfon Castle

Moored boats at Caernarfon Castle, North Wales
Moored boats at Caernarfon Castle, North Wales

Visit the imposing medieval Caernarfon Castle, the official residence of the Edward 1st. Controversial for its role in underlining the defeat of Wales by the English in the 13th century, this castle is steeped in history and legend. The castle was also home for some time to the medieval ruler Owain Glyndŵr, who instigated a fierce and long-running revolt against the English invaders. In more recent history, Charles Philip Arthur George was crowned Prince of Wales here in 1969. 

In the afternoon explore the lovely seaside village of Harlech and grab a bite to eat and a beer to eat in a cozy pub before heading home. 

Map

Map of Nature & History in Wales - 7 Days
Map of Nature & History in Wales - 7 Days